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Top satellite-based observations of summer 2022

Top satellite-based observations of July and August 2022

Below you’ll find a summary of the most interesting satellite-based observations collected this summer with the use of Copernicus Sentinel-2 satellites. We focus mostly on events resulting from the effects of global climate change and also a couple of military-related events. The ongoing droughts all over the world are stretching water supplies thinner and thinner. While in other parts heavy rainstorms are causing devastating flooding at a scale that can be observed in openly available lower-resolution satellite imagery.

Season of heat

July is globally considered the month of heat. Scorching temperatures have been fueling wildfires in several countries, especially in Europe. Below you can see a fire near Ladrillar in Spain, where officials have quickly issued evacuation orders. Moving to the West, the Oak Fire in North America – up to now, the largest fire in California this year. Later on this summer, we could observe a fire that broke out in the Grunewald forest in Berlin, following an explosion at a munitions storage site and the Garceau Fire on the west of Polson in Montana US.

Great wildfire near Ladrillar in Spain – view on the map.

Oak Fire – the largest fire in California so far this year- view on the map.

Satellite image of the fire in the Grunewald forest in Berlin – view on the map.

Garceau Fire near Polson in Montana US – view on the map.

Extreme droughts and flooding

Many believe that extreme droughts are another consequence of climate change, just like heavy but short rainfalls which are the cause of many floods right now. Countries struggling with this problem include Yemen, Russia, Thailand, Iran, Nigeria, and Sudan. Flooding has affected thousands of people in Sudan since the start of the current rainy season with at least 13 fatalities. Below we can see the satellite image of Guli in White Nile state, right before the flooding that struck on July 10th, damaging 65 homes. Another frequently talked about flooding happened in Pakistan this year, and is clearly visible even from the orbit.

Sentinel-2 image of Guli right before the flooding that struck on 10 July – view on the map.

Floods in Pakistan visible in Hamal Lake area – view on the map.

It should be no surprise that the post-spring droughts all over the world have significantly reduced water levels. A great example of this may be Lake Mead – a reservoir in the United States, that is slowly, but surely shrinking. A similar situation can be observed at Lake Urmia in Iran. Satellite images show the slow process of drying of the body water, which was once the sixth largest saltwater lake on the planet. This summer as China was suffering from the drought, Yangtze River was running dry and still is because of the general shortage of water in recent years.

Here are the changes in Lake Mead observed over the last year – view on the map.

Yangtze River is running dry as China is struggling with droughts – view on the map.

Open-source intelligence

Satellite imagery enables us to follow situations and events happening worldwide. Observations below include results of intense fighting in Sloviansk, near Izium and Energodar in Zaporizhia oblast in Ukraine, where military activity is especially dangerous, because of its close proximity to the Zaporizhia Nuclear Power Plant. Moving to more static objects, at Jiangnan Shipyard in Shanghai, we can spot Fujian – a Chinese aircraft carrier. Type 003 aircraft carrier is the first one to feature a catapult aircraft launch system.

Fires are visible in the north of Sloviansk. Intense fighting continues – view on the map.

Sentinel2 image of the third Chinese aircraft carrier – Fujian – view on the map.

Visible fire in Energodar in Zaporizhia oblast – view on the map.

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Sisters of SAR – Summary of activity – August 2022

Building a more diverse, inclusive, open and welcoming geospatial industry is all about giving a voice to a more diverse group of geospatial experts and it’s a pleasure to showcase SistersofSAR and the all the awesome work they do!

If you are wondering about Sisters of SAR and what they do, then please check out this introductory article on “Sisters of SAR: vision and mission“.

Here’s what Sisters of SAR have been up to this past month i.e. August 2022.

#SAR_Facts:

  • Aug 29: 🌞#SAR_Fact Monday! DYK ⁉️ Degree of polarization  describes the portion of a #SAR wave which is polarized & can be determined by taking the polarized power divided by the total power. The properties of the target, like roughness or moisture, affect DOP. #TheMoreYouKNow #EOChat
  • Aug 22: 🌞#SAR_Fact Day! ⁉️DYK for #incoherent targets,
  • #backscatter is partially or completely unpolarized (e.g. targets like #trees, #crops, etc.). Depolarization occurs from the multiple scattering occurring within the randomly oriented structures. 🌳🌽🌾#SAR #TheMoreYouKnow #EOChat
  • Aug 15: 🌞#SARFact Monday! ⁉️DYK coherent targets’ backscatter is generally fully polarized & these usually are man made structure such as buildings? 🏨🏫🏢 #SAR #TheMoreYouKnow #EOChat

#TrainingTuesday:

  • Aug 23: 🎓#TrainingTuesday! 🤩Are you registered for the @UNAVCO ISCE #InSAR course going on right now? If not, check out➡️ https://youtube.com/playlist?list=PLzmugeDoplFNVTBMUBASLB0Dh7zVi3-IT for the lectures! Awesome opportunity to learn about #InSAR!🌈 #TheMoreYouKnow #EOChat 🐦If you are attending, tweet & tag us with updates!
  • Aug 16:🎓#TrainingTuesday! Today we are looking at https://geospatialwarehouse.wordpress.com/2017/04/29/synthetic-aperture-radar-sar-remote-sensing-basics-and-applications/ a blog post by @kshahidkhurshid

summarizing really excellent #SAR tutorials & resources with links! ⬇️Check it out! #TheMoreYouKnow #EOChat

  • Aug 9: 🎓#TrainingTuesday!  👀Another #YouTube training on #SARBasics can be found at: ➡️https://youtu.be/igpXciF66L8. Every time we 👂to different trainings we learn something new! #TheMoreYouKnow #EOChat
  • Aug 2: 🎓#TrainingTuesday! ⬇️Have you checked out https://geoawesomeness.com/eo-hub/  yet? This is a “one-stop shop” for all things EO!!! 🛰️Don’t miss out on this excellent resource from @geoawesomeness!  #TheMoreYouKnow #EOChat #SAR #EarthObservation #RemoteSensing

 

#DiversityDay Wednesday’s were:

  • Aug 24: 🗺️#DiversityDay! We’re following @NativeScientis1 who are a “network of #scientists committed to promote #diversity in #science, #education & #society. Inspiring the next generation of scientists”. 👋Give them a follow & ➡️Check out https://nativescientist.com to learn more! #EOChat
  • Aug 17: #DiversityDay! We are following @SciGenderEquity who “advances #GenderEquity, #DiversityandInclusion in #HigherEducation & #Research institutions in Australia, including by using the #AthenaSwan framework”! 🇦🇺 👋Give them a follow & learn more ➡️https://sciencegenderequity.org.au #EOChat
  • Aug 10: 🗺️#DiversityDay! Celebrating @UCDScienceWomen who “aim to recognise the achievements of women in STEM & to empower female scientists to engage equally in all aspects of scientific & academic life”. 👋Give them a follow & ➡️check out https://ucd.ie/wits/ #Inclusion #EOChat
  • Aug 3: 🗺️#DiversityDay! Today we are following @DataSciJedi who are the “Justice, Equity, Diversity, & Inclusion (JEDI) Outreach Group of the @AmstatNews”. 👋Give them a follow & find out more at http://datascijedi.org #DiversityandInclusion #DiversityinSTEM #EOChat

#PictureDay Thursday:

 

Our #SAR_STARs were:

  • Aug 26:Our ⭐️#SAR_STAR on Aug 26 was Jess Payne (@Jess_ca_98) who is a #PhD student looking at Iran’s rapidly subsiding regions using #EO data, esp. #InSAR at @UniversityLeeds & has a #MSci in #NaturalSciences from @Cambridge_Uni. 👋Give her a follow & ⬇️read on! #WomeninSTEM #EOChat
  • Aug 19: Our ⭐️#SAR_STAR on Aug 19 was Dr. Anna Maria Trofair (@WhinnyHowe) who  is a physicist & cryosphere scientist working for @esaclimate.Her expertise is in #radar remote sensing of the polar ❄️landscape with a background in #SAR. 👋Give her a follow & ⬇️read on to learn more! #WomeninSAR #WomeninSTEM #EOChat
  • Aug 12: Our ⭐️#SAR_STAR on Aug 12 was Helen Hooker (@hooker_helen) who is a #PhD researcher at the University of Reading @UniRdg_Met @UniRdg_water @JBATrust who is improving #flood forecasting maps & systems using #SAR 🛰 !👋Give her a follow & ⬇️read on! #WomeninSTEM #WomeninSAR #EOChat
  • Aug 5: Our ⭐️#SAR_STAR on Aug 5 was Pavithra Raghunathan (@Pav_Raghunathan) who is a a #EO data scientist @CGI_NL, & works with #InSAR for ground motion analysis & #changedetection monitoring. She has a MSc in #Geosciences & RemoteSensing from @tudelft & a #BEng from @bms_of. Give her a follow👋! #WomeninSAR

 

Additionally, we teamed up with the fabulous @LadiesofLandsat and a bunch of other amazing groups for a #ForestSAR after hours social networking event!

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