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Studying Forest Fires using Remote Sensing and NASA data: NASA DEVELOP 2013!

One of NASA’s applied sciences development program – NASA DEVELOP aims at getting young researchers to highlight fresh applications of Earth Observation data and increase understanding of how NASA’s Remote Sensing products can be used to serve the community. The second Virtual Poster Session (VPS) of 2013 (under the NASA DEVELOP program) saw 141 young researchers from across the globe to collaborate on 30 projects under 6 different themes ranging from Monitoring Earth’s Water Sources, Sustainable Agriculture, Forest Ecosystem, Air Pollution Monitoring, Climate and Energy and Natural Disaster Prevention and Monitoring.

One of the persistent problems that plague the world and our biodiversity – Forest Fires! The research work emerging out of the NASA DEVELOP seeking to tackle that was  “Studying Wild Fires in Coahuila, Mexico using NASA’s Earth Observations” by a six member team. 

Instead of writing about the research and its interesting stuff myself, I decided to ask Ms. Rohini, one of the members of the research team to answer some of the questions I had.. Here’s what she had to say

http://youtu.be/O6vwtVPBy4c&w=550&h=400

 

Geoawesomeness: Aren’t there similar real time fire monitoring systems available already?
Rohini: The main intention of NASA DEVELOP program is to take the free resources NASA has into the real world, especially the developing world ! And we are just trying to do that. To show the people where and how to get these data and utilize it for no cost!
Geoawesomeness: What makes it unique ?
Rohini: The only thing that makes it unique is the fact where we are introducing these models and remote sensing data to a developing country. Simulating fire is something thats close to science fiction in these areas and even detecting fire takes days ! The models are originally designed to use in situ data (data from the ground), the state we are looking at in Mexico has no weather stations in the high risk zones. So we ran the models completely with free satellite data!  (This can be considered a positive as well as negative point, positive as it shows the power of satellite technology to recreate a fire from long time ago, negative as we didn’t have any means to compare the accuracy of these data – that would be one of the future works)
Geoawesomeness: How accurate is your fire model?
Rohini:  The models are designed based on the national vegetation types (Canada and US). What we have tried to do is to take the same approach but design a new fuel type classification to match it to that of Mexico, just to show that these models can be taken across boundaries. Farsite (from US) gave an accuracy of 62% (over three large fires, when compared to Landsat data) and Prometheus (from Canada) gave an accuracy of around 54% (makes sense as there are very little similarities in vegetation between Canada and Mexico) and the accuracy is not at all bad, considering the fact that we had no data to begin with ! So there is a fire today, we can pretty much guess 60% of land thats going to get burnt in coming days! This would be a blessing in disguise for most people living in these areas!
Geoawesomeness: Are there plans for you to expand this work to regions across the globe?
Rohini: Not at this point as we have partnered to work with this particular state in Mexico. But the methodoloy used can be adopted to any country (with a simple highlight, zero cost involved! ). In nutshell, we are trying to provide easy access to advanced technology to a developing country, just to make their lives a little better 😉
Whats worth finding a hotspot from MODIS to that of having hundreds of watch towers!? I would say, quite a lot 😉

 

Studying Forest Fires using Remote Sensing  might be something that been around for a while but somehow it seems the awareness of utilizing such systems for preventing them still leaves a lot to be desired. It’s projects like these that will help bridge the gap between the potential of Remote Sensing and its real utilization on ground.

What do you people think about this project? Let us know! And if you have a few questions for the team yourselves, click on this link to post your questions to the Ms. Rohini and her team.

Oh and yeah, if you are working on utilizing geospatial technology for new and novel applications, we would love to hear from you 🙂

 

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Location data points from Cellphone usage: compromising your location!

Could your mobile phone be used to track you even if the data is anonymous? “Unique in the Crowd: The privacy bounds of human mobility” is not only an interesting piece of research, its something that all of us were certain was possible,  even practiced but never really thought could be proved.

Although the wide spread use of sensor-studded cellphones have led to a wealth of information from apps that help community scientific experiments to voluntary geographic data collection that can help combat emergency and natural disasters but until today we believe that being anonymous meant that your location information was not being compromised or in other words it is not possible to hunt you down using such anonymous data. But guess what? We were all wrong! Wondering it should be difficult to do so right? Just how hard could it to be identify the identity of one anonymous cellphone user in a database that will contain millions of such records.. Apparently not so difficult.

Tracking your location!!  Rendering by Christine Daniloff/MIT of an original image by Yves-Alexandre de Montjoye et al.

Tracking your location!!
Rendering by Christine Daniloff/MIT of an original image by Yves-Alexandre de Montjoye et al.

The research says that just 4 random points from our mobile phone’s location data is enough to put a name to 95% of the data in a cellphone database that is technically anomymized i.e. the data does not have any individual identification fields. Highly vindicating the growing concern that data available in the public domain – cellphone location information is not as anonymous as previously thought!

The research was carried out by researchers at MIT and the Université Catholique de Louvain, in Belgium. They had analyzed data of over a million cellphone users in a small European country over a span of 15 months and found that just four points of reference, with fairly low spatial and temporal resolution, was enough to uniquely identify 95 percent of the cellphone users.

In other words, to extract the complete location information for a single person from an “anonymized” data set of more than a million people, all you would need to do is place him or her within a couple of hundred yards of a cellphone transmitter, sometime over the course of an hour, four times in one year. A few Twitter posts would probably provide all the information you needed, if they contained specific information about the person’s whereabouts. – MIT News

The research adds more to the privacy debate that has been gathering steam over the last couple of months! What do you geo people think about this? Bottomline: Location data points from Cellphone usage is definitely comprising your location!

Source: MIT News and PopSci

 

 

 

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