Copernicus needs our support – Voice your concern against the proposed budget reductions (2021-2028)
Copernicus: One Program – 1000s of applications
Over the past two decades, the European Union has funded and built a strong Space Programme that has provided vital scientific information to millions of citizens in Europe and all over the world.
Copernicus, EU’s free and open Earth observation program (of e.g. atmosphere, sea, climate change, and for emergency management) has been of immense benefit to scientists, emergency responders, civil servants, entrepreneurs, climate change researchers among others, all across the world. Data from the Copernicus program has been used for a wide variety of applications including
- Anti-drug trafficking operations in Turkey
- Predicting air-quality in Riga, Latvia
- Forest tree carbon mapping in Spain
- Calculating the solar potential of rooftops in Toulouse, France
- Study the impact of wildfires in Asia
- Modeling plastic pollution in the Mediterranean sea
It goes without saying that Earth Observation programs like Copernicus offering free and open data are crucial for the long-term future of our society. Without such programs and the data that they provide, it would not be possible to tackle the biggest challenge of our generation – climate change.
Copernicus needs our support
All of this has been possible thanks to the backing and financial support of the European Union. In its Multiannual Financial Framework (MMF) for 2014-2020, the EU had earmarked almost €4.3 billion for Copernicus (link). Currently, the MMF for 2021-2028 is being negotiated and unfortunately, the latest proposals and the proposed budget reductions could seriously affect the future of the Copernicus and the EU Space Program.
A short history and where the budget is headed:
On June 2018, the European Commission presented the new EU Space Program and proposed a budget of €16 billion and wanted to allocate the budget as follows: €9.7 billion for Galileo and EGNOS; €5.8 billion for Copernicus; and €0.5 billion for SSA and GOVSATCOM. On 13 March 2019, the European Council presented an updated partial agreement and proposed to increase the budget for the EU Space Program from the original €16 billion to €16.9 billion, i.e. for Galileo and EGNOS €9.7 billion; for Copernicus €6 billion (Commission had proposed €5.8 billion); for SSA/GOVSATCOM €1.2 billion (Commission had proposed €0.5 billion). On 14 February 2020, the EU presidency unveiled a new proposal and MMF (based on the Finnish Presidency’s negotiating box). The new budget allocates €13.2 billion for the EU Space Program (Copernicus share is unknown).
In short, the proposed budget for the EU space program went from €16 billion in June 2018 to €16.9 billion in March 2019 to €13.2 billion in February 2020. all this before covid-19 arrived!
The union allocated €12.6 billion for space activities for the period 2014-2020 (link). The latest proposal for allocating €13.2 billion is an increase of only~5% compared to ~25% increase planned back in June 2018. All this happened before COVID-19 appeared on the horizons in Europe and the Western hemisphere.
The Copernicus budget is even more in danger now due to the billions proposed to deal with consequences of COVID outbreak even though Copernicus is helping in this crisis too (How Copernicus is helping with the corona crisis).
How can you help?
Kindly take a minute to sign this petition started by members of the space community to show that people know and care about Copernicus and understand the programme’s importance to our future. You don’t have to be a citizen/resident of the EU to show your support. Copernicus is an open program and so is the petition to save its budget!
- Petition in English: https://www.change.org/p/citizens-more-than-ever-we-need-a-strong-eu-space-programme?lang=en-GB
- Petition in French: https://www.change.org/p/european-parliament-plus-que-jamais-il-nous-faut-un-programme-spatial-de-l-ue-solide
- Petition in German: https://www.change.org/p/council-of-the-european-union-mehr-denn-je-brauchen-wir-ein-starkes-eu-raumfahrt-programm
- Petition in Italian: https://www.change.org/p/cittadini-oggi-pi%C3%B9-che-mai-abbiamo-bisogno-di-un-forte-programma-spaziale-dell-unione-europea
- Petition in Spanish: https://www.change.org/p/m%C3%A1s-que-nunca-necesitamos-un-fuerte-programa-espacial-de-la-ue
Photos: April 2020 Chernobyl forest fires as seen from space
Earlier this month, a manmade wildfire broke out near the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine. NOAA-NASA’s Suomi NPP earth-observing satellite captured the following image on April 5 and alerted the global community to the raging fire that had spread over 250 acres in a forested area near the site of the world’s worst nuclear disaster.
European Space Agency’s Copernicus Sentinel-2 satellite mission also captured the fires and smoke, and mapped the resulting area of burned ground. See the changes between April 7 and April 12 below:
Fires around Chernobyl are a seasonal phenomenon, but have been worse than normal this year because a mild winter and spring had left the forest floor dry, ESA points out. It should be noted that the zone around the power plant is largely unpopulated, save for the 200 people who have refused to leave despite official orders.
Environmental activists have expressed concerns that should the blaze reach the defunct nuclear reactor and a storage site for radioactive waste, there could be a risk of exposure to increased radiation from the burning of contaminated forest and soil.
The following image by Sentinel-2 shows the burned area around Chernobyl on April 10:
Here’s another view of the burned area through the smoke:
By April 14, the fires were mostly extinguished owing to heavy rains, however smoldering sections still remained. New fires erupted on April 16 and spread quickly due to high winds.
Then, on April 17, 2020, NASA’s Terra satellite captured the following image of the new fires breaking out:
The large, dark gray billowing clouds of smoke you can see rising from the fires in this image are traveling more than 757 km.
The range of the April 2020 Chernobyl fire from beginning to now has reached 50,000 acres which makes this wildfire the largest since the nuclear accident occurred on April 26, 1986.