Meet Argis – the startup that is bringing GIS data into the three-dimensional world #TheNextGeo
The world is not flat, so why should our maps be in 2D? When you think 3D maps, Augmented reality comes to mind. Augmented reality and maps have been in the news recently with Google announcing AR will be coming to Street view and Mapbox (and Google) announcing SDKs for AR and Location-based gaming. If you are wondering, “Sure, this is the cool side of AR and Maps, what about enterprise use cases?”, that is where Argis comes in the picture. Argis integrates ArcGIS with Augmented Reality. We spoke to Catherine Hoemke at Argis to learn more about their business and their vision. Here’s what she had to say – read on!
We help field crews overcome the limitations of locating and managing assets with 2D mapping technology. The Argis Lens, brings GIS data into the three-dimensional world they work in—creating a seamless user experience. Users can locate assets quicker, see 3D relationships they couldn’t see before and benefit from an all-around increase in productivity.
Q: When you founded Argis back in 2016, Augmented reality was very much in the “Innovation Trigger” phase (Hype cycle). It’s easy to wish to start a company in AR when there is a big hype about the technology but what motivated you to start your company specifically to use GIS and AR? How did you get to that point?
Answer: The initial core development team who created the Argis Framework and the Argis Lens has over 20 years’ experience working in the GIS industry combined. Because of this deep understanding of how ArcGIS works, the team was able to do the hard work of creating 3D objects and then anchoring them with geodata in the real world. It seemed a natural extension of where geospatial data should be going.
Q: Your main focus at Argis to help field crews to overcome the limitations of location and managing assets. Could you tell us more about that? How does AR come into the picture?
Answer: We live in a 3D world. Our maps should reflect that reality. No matter how detailed GIS data is, it is still fundamentally a step removed from the user’s direct perception of the real world. By placing mapping information as an overlay which is geographically anchored to visible elements, AR creates an intuitive interpretation which users instantly “get.” It becomes a more efficient field application.
Q: It’s been little over 2 years since you started the company, where do you think AR is in the Hype Cycle? Are customers already ready to pay for it or is it still more a beta phase for most customers?
Answer: We have many forward-thinking clients who can see the intrinsic value of adding AR to their workflow. These are mostly in the 811 locate field and public works departments in municipalities and towns. Though AR is not a household name as of yet, I believe we are on the Peak of Inflated Expectations. The public has been told this particular use case story by the media (AR will give you X-RAY vision!) and we are now in the process of sharing what AR really can do for you: show users 3D relationships between GIS elements in the context of the job site and that intrinsic value to the user.
Q: When using AR and GIS on the field, is positioning accuracy a challenge/pain point for customers? How do you give customers the confidence that they are looking at the right position in the field?
Answer: With a quality external GPS, such as an Asteri X series or Trimble R1/R2, accuracy is quite painless with the Argis Lens. The biggest problem users run into is when the inherent accuracy of their data is lacking. A lot of data out there was not created with 3D representation in mind. Most of it was originally created to be used with aerial photos.
With that being said, the Argis Lens can visualize most ArcGIS data, including colours and simple symbology. Though z-index data can help clarify the location of assets underground in AR, it is not necessary to start seeing efficiency and productivity increase on field inspections.
Q: Could you tell us more the tech stack at Argis? What technologies do you use? What programming languages do you use?
Answer: The Argis Lens is an iOS app that uses a combination of Unity as an AR visualization engine coupled with our proprietary software that creates volume, depth and location on the fly for ArcGIS feature services.
The most common method of connecting ArcGIS to our product is through a REST API call to ArcGIS Online. We can also connect to ArcGIS Enterprise. We mean it when we say “if you have ArcGIS data, you have AR data…you are just not using it yet!”
Q: Argis Lens – your flagship product is currently available on mobile devices. Can we expect to see the product on more platforms? Hololens perhaps?
Answer: Market demand is the biggest limiting factor we have found for the adoption of the more high tech wearables such as hololens. The markets that have field operators in them are just now adopting iPads and tablets. These users are often very concerned with Occupational Safety and Health Standards and safety issues are a high priority. They are also slow to adopt new technology. We think wearables will have a place in the market share in the future. When our clients are ready to make the jump to an expensive wearable device, we will be ready to meet them there.
Q: As a startup founder, I am sure that there are many things that you must have learnt along the way. What was the most interesting feedback that you received so far?
Answer: It always amazing how many good ideas an audience will come up with once they understand the concept of accurate GIS in Augmented Reality. Field technicians are blown away by the concept of showing their data on a job site, in a way that their entire crew can understand instantly. The biggest struggle has been narrowing the focus and finding where AR is invaluable to an industry, such as situational awareness, training or documenting assets.
Q: More often than not it takes a while to find a business model that works for your clients. Have you cracked that code already?
Answer: We believe we have found how AR can really create value for users as a conduit for connecting the office and the field to their third-party contractors. We will be saying more on this at the Esri UC18, at the SIG on AR/VR.
Q: You are based in Denver, USA, how’s the startup scene there? Is it easy to hire people and get investments? Are there any accelerator programs/venture capitals that focus on geo companies?
Answer: We have had a minimum of venture capital investment, so we are not up on the VC scene. As for hiring, we have such specific skill sets that we tend to approach potential hires directly. With that said, we have had a lot of help from the Esri Emerging Partners and Startups group in our first few years of business.
Q: Okay, this is a tricky one – on a scale of 1 to 10 (10 being the highest), how geoawesome do you feel today? 😉
Answer: Ten of course!
Q: Any closing remarks for anyone looking to start their own geo startup?
Answer: Market research is invaluable for startups in the GIS as well as being very familiar with Esri. We highly recommend Crossing the Chasm (Moore) as a resource.
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Digital Mapping: A Tale of Two Industries
Is Digital Mapping cutting edge, with lots of innovation? Or is it mature, and very slow to change?
It depends on who you ask.
For those interested in self-driving cars, digital mapping is dynamic and cool. AI. Machine Learning. Drones. Those cool custom Google cars. VCs going gaga.
For those interested in discovering places through local advertising, digital mapping is a big yawn. CTR. PPC. Yellow Pages II. Tiny pins on top of lots of streets for as long as you can remember.
The difference is so stark that one might even consider digital mapping to be two parallel industries: Navigation 2.0 versus Place Discovery. (Navigation 1.0 was for human drivers, and version 2.0 is for self-driving cars.) See the screenshot below for a quick comparison of these two industries.
I chose Place Discovery – the seemingly boring industry – for my startup company, Streetography. Actually, when I researched these two industries closely, I found that Place Discovery can be very interesting, and it certainly has a very large market. It’s what people do with maps when they’re asking questions like, “What’s it like to be in this place?”, or, “What will I find when I get to this place?” For instance, when you look at a map when booking an Airbnb, or when contemplating what you’ll do during a weekend trip to Manhattan, you’re using it for Place Discovery.
Currently, practically all of Google Maps’ revenues are come from Place Discovery, via local advertising and API sales to apps and websites that offer Place Discovery to their users, mostly in travel & real estate.
The only thing that makes Place Discovery boring is that all the big mapping companies have largely ignored it for many years. Navigation 2.0 is very interesting and exciting, especially to the leader in Digital Mapping, Google.
During the intellectual property trial between Google’s sister company, Waymo, and Uber, Google disclosed that it had invested $1.4 billion in Waymo’s self-driving car technology between 2009 and 2015, and that figure has probably reached roughly $2 billion today. A good chunk of that investment has gone into detailed maps for Navigation 2.0. Separately, Google Maps has invested heavily in Navigation 2.0 maps in recent years.
Given the world-changing potential of self-driving cars, most industry observers think this is a prudent investment for Google. In fact, many other companies, from computer companies like Apple to car companies like General Motors, are also pouring hundreds of millions of dollars into self-driving cars.
Meanwhile, Place Discovery continues to do very well, albeit at a lesser growth rate projection than Navigation 2.0. A 2016 Morgan Stanley estimate cited in this article says that Google Maps would earn $1.5 billion in revenue from local advertising in 2017, and that number would grow to $5 billion in 2020. Microsoft estimates that this market will grow to $6.1 billion in 2022.
However, as noted above, Place Discovery has not received much attention from the mapping industry over the past few years. The best way to see this is to see how online mapping user interfaces have evolved since Place Discovery’s aim is to attract human clicks/taps on maps. See the screen image above. That’s from a TechCrunch article on the evolution of the Google Maps user interface. That’s right – it went practically nowhere from 2006 to 2013.
Then, in 2017, Google Maps introduced “promoted pins.” See the screenshot below. They added a tiny logo pin to mark the location of a business. Meanwhile, apps like Facebook, Instagram, and Snapchat are literally exploding with large photos and videos.
My company, Streetography, is totally focused on Place Discovery for digital maps. Our Photo Map platform places photos right on maps, with each photo cut out by the borders of geographic entities – blocks, neighbourhoods, cities, counties, states/regions, or countries. We believe this focus makes our Photo Map platform much better than other mapping platforms for Place Discovery.
If you’re interested in this, you can see it live at Find San Francisco Restaurants. If you were in San Francisco’s Financial District and were in the mood for a seafood dinner, this screen would be a lot more engaging than a Google Map with lots of roads and tiny pins. Those stars are Yelp ratings, and if you tap on a restaurant’s photo, you get more info, like price range, the description, and reviews. The user can access a list of all seafood restaurants by tapping on the button entitled, “Financial District Seafood restaurants”.
You could imagine that, sometime in the near future, that centre overlay bordered in blue might show videos of seafood restaurants. Maybe one of the videos shows a live view of the restaurant, with waiters serving tables and live music.
By freeing Streetography’s Photo Maps from the requirement of helping users with navigation, they do a far better job of showing users places. Roads and the white space between them might be important to a map that’s focused on navigation, but for Place Discovery, they’re not nearly as important as photos and videos of places.
Would an advertiser, such as a restaurant or a theme park, rather have a tiny pin on a map or a far larger photo or video? Which is more likely to engage users, and, ultimately, to entice a click?
Humans will benefit greatly from self-driving cars and the Navigation 2.0 maps those cars use to find their way. While riding in those cars, they’ll have a lot of idle time to plan what they’ll do at their destinations. So, I predict that the emergence of self-driving cars will substantially increase the demand for place discovery in mapping. I hope that mapping companies like Streetography will be ready to capitalize on this opportunity.