Remembering 75 years of Auschwitz liberation through maps
“Death, death, death. Death at night, death in the morning, death in the afternoon. Death. We lived with death. How could a human feel?”
– Pavel Stenkin, Russian POW, Auschwitz
Nazi Germany’s largest concentration and extermination camps, Auschwitz, was established in 1940 in the suburbs of Polish city of Oswiecim. Though there is no concrete answer for how many people were sent to Auschwitz during the World War II, it is estimated that between 1.1 million and 1.5 million people died at the notorious Auschwitz-Birkenau camps; 90% of them Jews. Auschwitz was finally liberated on January 27, 1945, by Soviet troops. On the 75th anniversary of Auschwitz liberation today, here is a look back at the site which had become a virtual synonym for the Holocaust.
Where is Auschwitz?
Auschwitz is located near the industrial town of Oświęcim in southern Poland, about 70 km from Krakow.
Courtesy: Smithsonian/Guilbert Gates
How many camps were there in Auschwitz?
The Auschwitz camp complex constituted of three large camps: Auschwitz I, Auschwitz II (Birkenau), and Auschwitz III (Monowitz).
Auschwitz I Camp, 1944
Auschwitz II (Birkenau) Camp, Summer 1944
Auschwitz III (Monowitz) Camp, 1944
Music for controlling and torturing prisoners
Below is a digital rendering of the ‘musical geography’ of Auschwitz Camp II (Birkenau), as compiled by a Stanford researcher. The red circles indicate where the ‘forced music’ played by guards could be heard, while the blue circles illustrate how the ‘voluntary music’ of the inmates spread throughout the camp.
Auschwitz and other Nazi extermination camps
Millions were killed in six primary exterminations camps where the Nazis implemented the ‘final solution’
Courtesy: Washington Post
Identifying every Jewish victim of Auschwitz
Activists are trying to identify each and every Jewish victim of Auschwitz
Courtesy: The Economist
International status of education about the Holocaust
A UNESCO research compared high school textbooks in 139 countries and territories in 2015 and discovered that only 57 countries described the Holocaust directly
Courtesy: UNESCO/Georg Eckert Institute
Official flight restriction zone over Auschwitz
Auschwitz Museum is probably the first museum in the world for which an official flight restriction zone was established in mid-2019
This map shows all 30,699 shots Kobe Bryant took in his 20-year career
American professional basketball legend Kobe Bryant died Sunday in a helicopter crash outside Los Angeles, California. His 13-year-old daughter was also aboard and passed away.
Bryant retired in 2016 as the third-leading scorer in NBA history, finishing two decades with the Los Angeles Lakers as a prolific scorer with a sublime all-around game and a relentless competitive ethic, according to Associated Press.
Below is a static version of the interactive map that Los Angeles Times created at the time of Bryant’s retirement in 2016. The map details all 30,699 shots of his career, including the ones he made and missed during the regular season and playoffs.
Click on the image to visit the interactive map.
Bryant finished his career as an 18-time All-Star, 15-time All-NBA team, 12-time All-NBA Defensive Team selection, two-time NBA Finals MVP, and the 2008 NBA MVP.
Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti released the following statement on Bryant’s death:
“Kobe Bryant was a giant who inspired, amazed, and thrilled people everywhere with his incomparable skill on the court — and awed us with his intellect and humility as a father, husband, creative genius, and ambassador for the game he loved. He will live forever in the heart of Los Angeles, and will be remembered through the ages as one of our greatest heroes. This is a moment that leaves us struggling to find words that express the magnitude of shock and sorrow we are all feeling right now, and I am keeping Kobe’s entire family in my prayers at this time of unimaginable grief.”
The Federal Aviation Administration and National Transportation Safety Board will investigate the California helicopter crash, the FAA has said in a statement.