Dear Geo-Geeks, for 2015 GIS Day we aim to do something truly Geoawesome and we would like to ask you to do it with us.
We would like to create “A Brief History Of Maps” where we will mark on a timeline of all important dates and milestones that happened in cartography, GIS, and location-based technologies from the beginning of time until today.
Please help us and add in comments below the post milestones which are missing. We will add them to the timeline ASAP!
Let’s celebrate 2015 GIS Day together.
Claudius Ptolemy wrote his monumental “Geography” a compilation of coordinates and details to create maps of the known world (thanks Jami Dennis)
Tabula Rogeriana is a description of the world and world map created by the Arab geographer, Muhammad al-Idrisi, in 1154. (thanks Tomasz Przeździęk)
The Hereford Mappa Mundi is medieval European map of the world dating from ca. 1285. (thanks Tomasz Przeździęk)
The first known printed map in Europe was a T and O map by Isidore of Seville (thanks Jami Dennis)
Birth of Gerard Merkator
In 1564 a Flemish cartographer and geographer Abraham Ortelius published Typus Orbis Terrarum the most detailed map of the world of its times. (thanks Mark Wigley)
Gerardus Mercator creates his famous 1569 map of the world where he describes the projection that is named after him. (thanks Jami Dennis)
The Atlas Maior is the atlas made by Joan Blaeu and published in Amsterdam in 1662. It contains 594 maps and around 3,000 pages of text. It was the largest and most expensive book published in the seventeenth century. (thanks fakkelplemp)
Harry’s Beck London tube map from 1933 – the revolutionary concept of city transportation map (thanks Tomasz Przeździęk)
Birth of Jack Dangermond – Founder of Esri
Initial development of Geographic Information Systems in Canada
Founding of Environmental Systems Research Institute (Esri) in Redlands, California
The first known map of the World – Babylon
Launch of The Global Positioning System (GPS) for military use
The initial launch of ArcGIS platform at that time called ArcInfo.
Establishing of WGS84 – The World Geodetic System which isthe reference coordinate system used by the GPS. (thanks fakkelplemp)
The launch of Etak – the first Car Navigation System
The first release of MapInfo Professional, at that time named as the Mapping Display and Analysis System (MIDAS)
The first web mapping service has been launch by MapQuest:
Civilian GPS accuracy got much better accuracy
The first commercial LBS service in Japan was launched by DoCoMo, based on triangulation for pre-GPS handsets
Lauch of EarthViewer 3D – the first virtual globe created by In-Q-Tel (CIA funded company) and acquired by Google in 2004. Then rebranded to Google Earth.
Yahoo! Maps have been launch in March 2002.
The launch of QGIS on the first cross-platform free and open-source GIS software in July 2002. (thanks Matt Travis)
Go2 and AT&T Mobility launched the first (US) mobile LBS local search application that used Automatic Location Identification (ALI) technologies mandated by the FCC.
Launch of OpenStreetMap – the Wikipedia of maps
Launch of Google Maps after the acquisition of Sydney-based company Where 2 Technologies
On 1 October, 2007 Nokia acquired Navteq and later rebranded to Here for €5.7 billion.
TomTom acquired TeleAtlas for €2.9 billion in October, 2007.
The launch of iPhone, which changed the way we use and interact with location and maps today.
The launch of Foursquare one of a few local search and location-sharing apps that made it to the mainstream
Launch of Geoawesomeness.com
First two satellites of the European satellite navigation system – Galileo have been launched. (thanks Mark Wigley)
The launch of Apple Maps in June 2012. At the beginning hated, now accepted by many.
Introduction of iBeacon – new Bluetooth low energy protocol introduced Apple that solved most of Bluetooth related problems for proximity positioning.
Google Acquired Waze for $1bln in June 2013
Yahoo! Maps have been shut down in June 2015.
Found a missing milestone? Put it in comment and we’ll add it to the timeline!